Applying approximately 25 pounds per acre of nitrogen fertilizer to Kentucky bluegrass in early spring before green-up will stimulate growth and generally allow grazing to begin earlier. It will be most productive in areas of full sunlight, although it can stand some shade if it receives adequate moisture and nutrients. In addition, the dense sod formed by Kentucky bluegrass rhizomes make it ideal for erosion control, particularly in grass waterways. Kentucky bluegrass productivity is increased substantially with proper pasture rotation and rest. As the amount of clover in the pasture declines, the pasture can be grazed more closely so that the grass competes less with the clover. Since that time, Kentucky bluegrass has made itself a desirable source of food and shelter to many different animals, ranging from insects to grazing mammals. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses. Cited by View all 1 citing articles Maintaining a stubble height of 2 to 4 inches in spring promotes tiller (new shoot) formation, which helps keep a dense sod. Grubs cause the most serious damage to Kentucky bluegrass pastures. Kentucky Bluegrass Pasture Management Bluegrasses generally grow better in soils of higher fertility and more moisture; when grown in soils not meeting the criteria additional nitrogen has to be added and/or the planting of legumes that co-exist in the pasture with the bluegrass. The pollen of Kentucky is a major contributor to late-spring allergies. All types of fescue have wider blades, thus producing a coarser turf. Take a good look at the veins of the leaf for an interesting characteristic of Kentucky bluegrass—along the keel are two oddly transparent veins sometimes compared to racing stripes. In a recent study, when soil pH was adjusted to 6.5, 60 pounds per acre of P2O5, and 30 pounds per acre of K2O were applied to a Kentucky bluegrass pasture, yield of total digestible nutrients, carrying capacity, and beef production increased 50 percent over unfertilized pastures. Where the height of the grass is not an issue, it will only need to be mowed once a year to control weeds and keep the stand looking its best. Average annual liveweight gains for the two systems were 446 and 536 lb/A. Once the flowering process is completed and the summer grows hot and dry, Kentucky bluegrass protects itself from drought damage by going dormant. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. Damage is most severe and recovery slowest during dry years. % Magnes. Calories in Kentucky Fried Chicken based on the calories, fat, protein, carbs and other nutrition information submitted for Kentucky Fried Chicken. C:N Ratios of the Ramets and Mother Plants in Homogenous Plots The C:N ratio responded variably to the different treatments. It turns green again as days become short and cool. Once the stand is established, it can be grazed in the early spring as soon as the grass reaches five inches tall. It arrived on our shores with settlers during the colonial period, and it spread across the nation with the pioneers. This is unlikely to be a serious problem in any part of Kansas. An additional application of 120 pounds of nitrogen per acre increased beef production by an additional 39 percent. Surface application of the recommended nutrients is equally beneficial if the Kentucky bluegrass is already established. These studies indicated that the nutritive value of brome–fescue hay was highest, followed by Kentucky bluegrass and sedge hays, and then oat straw. Kentucky Bluegrass Production By John D. Holman and Donn Thill INTRODUCTION The production of Kentucky bluegrass in northern Idaho began during the 1950’s with approximately 10,000 acres and has since grown to 70,000 The leaves vary in length from 2 to 10 inches and average 1/4 inch in width. Consequently, proper management during the early growing season is essential to maximize production potential. Parts of a Grass Plant: A Glossary Its seeds feed many different songbirds and rodents. Successful seeding requires good seed-to-soil contact. Turf-type varieties of Kentucky bluegrass need dethatching to remain productive and, in general, also require greater amounts of nitrogen fertilization and more extensive irrigation systems than forage-type varieties. It hosts May, June, and Japanese beetle grubs, while it provides forage to deer, turkey, and rabbits. The rhizomes of bluegrass typically grow two to four inches beneath the surface of the soil, but sometimes deeper. This species is a cool-season perennial. For more information, please read our affiliate disclosure. Remember that nitrogen application will increase the grass's competitiveness at the expense of clover and weeds in the stand. Kentucky bluegrass is susceptible to many of the same diseases as other cool-season forage grasses. 1992, Alshammary et al Delaying seeding until mid-morning when the soil has become slippery on the surface will result in poorer stand establishment. Kentucky Bluegrass grows best on heavier soils with a pH above 6. Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. The waving branches bear spikelets on their ends. Generally, turf clippings contain 6-7% nitrogen, 0.5 to 1.0% phosphorous and 2-4% potassium; when returned to the lawn, they can account for a fourth of the lawn's fertilizer applications each year. By using this site you are agreeing to our terms of use. SITMMARY A 3-year study was made to determine the nutritional value of four grasses-- Lincoln bromegrass, orchard grass, Kentncky 31 fescue, and Kentucky bluegrass for lactating dairy cows. However, heavy stocking densities and continuous overgrazing (frequently the case in sheep and horse pastures), especially in midsummer when grass growth has slowed, will weaken Kentucky bluegrass and increase weed invasion. Late in the fall, the growth slows down and carbohydrates are stored in the abundance of new rhizomes to provide the nutrients needed to start all over again in the spring. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. Controlling insects in Kentucky tests over 5 years, beef steers gained 1.19 and 1.24 lb/day grazing bluegrass-ladino clover weeds. 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