Mytilus galloprovincialis, denumită uneori scoica mediteraneană, este cea mai comună specie de bivalve din zonele infralitorale stâncoase ale Mării Negre.Este foarte consumată și a fost cultivată din timpuri vechi. Mytilus galloprovincialis (No picture) Common names: Mediterranean mussel: Higher taxon: Mytilidae, Mytiloida, Bivalvia, Mollusca: Natural range: Coast of Mediterranean Sea. Mytilus galloprovincialis very closely resembles the native Mytilus trossulus, or Bay Mussel (Boersma et al., 2006). However, M. galloprovincialis can be distinguished from the larger native California mussel (M. 2008; Daguin and Borsa 1999, cited in Elliot et al. 112108).Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. 310).Smaller individuals move to the outer edge of the colony (Ref. In addition, they may hybridize. However, in Mytilus galloprovincialis: 2008; Hilbish et al. Images of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Source: FAO 2012) 2 Natural distribution and habitat Native to the Mediterranean coastline (Figure 2), the earliest record of M. galloprovincialis is in the Galicia region in North West Spain. Found in warmer waters (Ref. Individual variability of growth of the cultivated Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam. Mytilus galloprovincialis is a native species of the Mediterranean, hence its common name, the Mediterranean mussel (Wonham 2004). Mytilus edulis, Mytilus trossulus and Mytilus galloprovincialis are sibling species which have distinct but overlapping distributions (see Gosling, 1992c) and may hybridize in areas of overlap (Wonham, 2004 and references therein). As they both show great variation in shell shape due to environmental conditions (Seed, 1968, 1992), they are often difficult to distinguish. Mytilus galloprovincialis was collected from two sites. 95344).Occurs in quiet waters and lives lower in the intertidal zone attached to rock substrates (Ref. Subtidal mussels (shell lengths from 50 to 70 mm, mean = 61 mm, n = 183) were taken from floating docks at Spud Point Marina in Bodega Bay, CA (38.33 °N, 123.06 °W) from May to August 2018, and intertidal mussels (shell lengths from 51 to 70 mm, mean = 60, n = 185) were collected from wharf pilings in the mid-intertidal zone in … Habitat: Fouling on rocks and artificial materials in intertidal zone. However, a change in … Two forms of M.g. Mytilus edulis and Mytilus galloprovincialis often occur in the same location in the northern range of Mytilus galloprovincialis. 310).Feeds on a variety of phyto- and zooplankton (Ref. Distribution Top of page. : northern form is native to the Mediterranean Sea and western Europe; southern form is found on the coasts of Argentina, Chile, New Zealand, Australia and some islands such as the Kerguelens and Falklands (McDonald et al. Globally it is found on temperate sheltered and exposed rocky Este o specie importantă pentru industria pescuitului, fiind folosită ca momeală. It has been introduced to countries such as South Africa and China where it is widely cultured. Mytilus galloprovincialis is a closely related species to Mytilus edulis, ... 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